Source: Lee SJ, Lee JW. Probiotics prophylaxis in infants with primary vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol. 2015;30(4):609-613; doi:10.1007/s00467-014-2988-z. See AAP Grand Rounds commentary by Dr. Pamela Singer (subscription required).
PICO Question: Among children aged 1 week to 12 months with primary vesicoureteral reflux, what is the incidence of recurrent urinary tract infection with probiotic prophylaxis compared to antibiotic prophylaxis?
Question type: InterventionStudy type: Randomized trial